-

, ,
- -
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

: I

1038

..

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

1998 .

I.

 

, , , . :

-         padishah :

-         khaliff () .

. , . , . . , , , , .

.

.

, . .


















II. .


. . . (, ) .



1.      .


, -, , , , , .

:

vinum -  wine [wain] -

pondo - ࠠ pound [paund] -

uncia - ounce [auns] -

moneta - ࠠ mint [mint] -

cista - (堠 chest [ʧest] -

)

discum - , ꠠ dish [diò] -


, , , , . , .

:

pipere - pepper [pepə]

persicum - ꠠ peach [pi:ʧ]

pirum - (pirea) pear [pɛə]

prunum - ࠠ plum [plʌm]

butyrum -  butter [bʌtə]

plante - 堠 plant [plɑ:nt] ,

caseus - 𠠠 cheese [ʧi:z]


, , (1.5 ). .

millia passuum mile [mɑɪl]

. :

ponto  punt [pʌnt]


, , :

portus port [pɔ:t] , ,


, - , . , , , - .

:

strata via - ࠠ street [strɪ:t] -

campus - camp [kæmp] -

colonia - 堠 colony [kɔlənɪ] - ,

castra - chester [ʧestə] -

Colchester, Lincoln Manchester,

Chester, Winchester .

vallum - , wall [wɔ:l] -

2.      .


, , - . , . , , . .

, :

episcopus -  bishop [bɪʃəp]

presbyter - ꠠ priest [prɪ:st]

monachus - monk [monk]

scrinium - , shrine [ʃrɑɪn]

candela - ࠠ candle [kændl]

monasterium - mynster (minster) [mɪnstə]

Westminster -

Eastmynster -


-. . , .. , -.

:

schola - ࠠ school [sku:l]

magister - schoolmaster [sku:lmʌstə]

rosa - ࠠ rose [rouz]

palma - ࠠ palma [pɑ:m]

phoenix - 񠠠 fenix [feniks]

leo - ⠠ lion [lɑɪən]

pardus - 䠠 leopard [lepəd]

, , , , .

:

canon -  canon [kænən]

chronica - ࠠ [k]chronical

versus - 蠠 verse [və:s]

grammatika nota - ࠠ grammar [græmə]

notarius - ꠠ note [nout]

notary [noutərɪ] -

papirus - ࠠ paper [peɪpə]

chorus - 𠠠 [k]chorus [kɔrəs]

theatrum - 𠠠 theater [ɵɪətə]



3.      .


, , , , , .

. : , , . , , , .

:

animal - [ ænɪməl] -

formula - [fɔ:mʝulə] -

inertia - [ɪnə:ʃʝə] -

maximum - [mæksiməm] -

minimum - [mɪnɪməm] -

memorandum - [,memərændum] -

veto - [ vɪ:tou] -

alibi - [ ælɪbɑɪ] -

autograph - [ɔ:təgrəf] -

atmosphere - [ ætmɔsfɪə] -

excursion - [ɪkskə:ʃn] -

jurisprudence - [ʤuərɪs,pru:dəns] -


, , . , , :

:

. factum . fact () . fait feat ()

. radius () . ray ()

defect () defeat ()

turris () - . tour . tower [tɑuə].


, , , .. , .

XVII . , ( ).

. , XIII XVIII . .

:

locution [lɔkʝu:ʃn] - ,

magnanimity [,mægnənɪmɪtɪ] -

medium [mɪ:dɪəm] - ,

memory [memərɪ] - ,

vortex [vɔ:teks] - ,

to abhor [əbhɔ:] -

to absolve [əbzɔlv] - , ()

to add [æd] - ,

to collide [kəlɑɪd] -

to discriminate [diskrɪmɪneɪt] - ,

accurate [ækʝurɪt] -

efficient [ɪfɪʃənt] - ,

finite [fɑɪnɑɪt] -

igneous [ɪgnɪəs] - ,

latent [leɪtənt] -


, , . , , .

XIX . XX , , .

:

detection [dɪtekʃn] - ()

to emit [ɪmɪt] - (), ()

oscillation [,ɔsɪleɪʃn] - ,

optimum [ɔptɪməm] - ()

quantum [kwɔntəm] - , , (.)

ratio [reɪʃion] - ,


, ( ) . ( ).


:

alibi [ælɪbɑɪ] - ,

bonus [bounes] -

dictum [dɪktəm] - ,

folio [foulɪou] - ,

formula [fɔ:mʝulə] - (.), ,

minimum [mɪnɪməm] -

stimulus [stɪmʝuləs] -

superior [sʝu:pɪərɪə] - ,, ()


. , , .

:

angelus aggelos angel [eɪnʤəl] -

apostolus apostolos apostle [əpɔsl] -

episcopos episcopos () bishop [bɪʃəp] -

diabolus diabolos devil [devɪl] -

idea idea idea [ɑɪdɪə] - ,

epicus epikos ( epos - epic [epɪk] -

, )

comoedia comodia comedy [kɔmɪdɪ] -

trageoedia tragodia tragedy [træʤɪdɪ] -

scena skene scene [sɪ:n] -


, . . -, , . -, , .

, .. . , , , .. , , , .

, . . .

, .

:

: anemia, appendicitis, bronchitis, pediatry, oncology, aspirin,

insulin, antibiotics .

XIX XX .

: atom, calorie, the quantum, theory, energy .

: radiator, transmission, engine, airplane, hydroplane,

frequency, antenna, radius, radio .

, , - , : communism, socialism, imperialism, liberalism, futurism, impressionism .

.

:

tele () + scope = telescope

tele () + grapho = telegraph

pan () + chromaticos = panchromatic (,

( ) )

autos () + mobilis (.) = automobile







, , , . , . , , , , .
































:


1.      .. .

2.      .. .

3.      .. .

4.      .. .



 

- 2009