HISTORY OF LONDON
London - the capital of Great Britain When we think of Paris,
Rome. Madrid, Lisbon and other European capitals, we think of them as cities. When
we think of the whole of modern London, the capital city of England and the United
Kingdom, that great area covering several hundred square kilometres, we do not think
of it as a city. not even as a city and its suburbs. Modem London is not one city
that has steadily become larger through the centuries; it is a number of cities.
towns, and villages that have, during the past centuries, grown together to make
one vast urban area. London is situated upon both banks of the River Thames, it
is the largest city in Britain and one of the largest in the world. Its population
is about 7 million people. London dominates the life of Britain. It is the chief
port of the country and the most important commercial, manufacturing and cultural
centre. There is little heavy industry in London, but there is a wide range of light
industry in Greater London. London consists of three parts: the City of London,
the West End and the East End. The City extends over an area of about 2.6 square
kilometres in the heart of London. About half a million people work in the City
but only less than 6000 live here. It is the financial centre of the UK with many
banks, offices and Stock Exchange. But the City is also a market for goods of almost
every kind, from all parts of the world. The West End can be called the centre of
Tendon. Here are the historical palaces as well as the famous parks. Hyde Park with
its Speakers Corner is also here. Among other parks are Kensington Gardens, St.Jamess
Park. In the West End is Buckingham Palace. Which is the Queens residence, and the
Palace of Westminster which is the seat of Parliament. The best-known streets here
are Whitehall with important Government offices. Downing Street, the London residence
of Prime Minister and the place where the Cabinet meets.
The Romans went to England many, many yars ago. They built a town
on the River Thames.The name of the town was Londinium.The Romans built Londinium
near the river.The place for the town was very good.Soon the Romans built a bridge
over the River Thames .The Romans left Britan. Now London is a very large city,
but the River Thamesis stillin the centre of London .Until 1749, there was onli
one bridge over the river:London Bridge . In the 19 central there were already a
lot of new bridges in London. Now there are more than twenty bridges over the Thames.
The Museum’s collections are its outstanding resource and are
constantly changing. The Museum regularly adds new material, including finds from
archaeological digs. The overall aim is to build up a unique resource about London
and Londoners for future generations to study and enjoy. Explore summaries of our
collections below. The shop at Museum of London specialises in gifts and books about
London and its places of interest. London is the biggest
city in Britain and the capital of Great Britain. London is the most important citius
in the word. It is a centre of business an tourism an also a financial centre of
Britain. London is the most inportant citius in the world. It is a centre of business
a tourism an also a financial centre of Britain. More then 7 million people live
and work in London. Many tourists come to London to visit its places. Before London
got this name its was colled Londinium. It is was a small town built by the Romans
on the river Thames Londinium got bigger and bigger the Romans built many roads
and a bridge over the River Thames. London Bridge.
It got a name London bridge. They were a lot of houses and shops
on the bridge. Now there are more than 28 bridgesin London. William the Conqueror.
The Fire of London
In October 1796 there was a T The Fire of London.he Fire of London.
fire in the old city of London.The fire started in a house on London Bridge. The
weather was fine that day, there were few houses on London Bridge, and that is why
only 4 ouses were burnt. The fire started on Thursday and was over on Friday. The
people of London built a newcity after the Fire.
William the Conqueror
At the biginning of The 11th century England was already
a great contry and London was a very inportant city.In 1066 William the Conqueror
and his people went went to England from Normandy in France.
William the Conqueror became King of England. The King lived in
London. Many of his people lived in London too.But William was afraid of the English
, of the people of London and he built the White Tower to live in it. Now it is
1 of the most important and beautiful buildings of the Tower of London. As it is
very famous, a lot of people visit it every year.
All Kings and Queens of England have live in London.It became
the biggest city in England.Bu 1600 there were more than 2 hundred thousand (200
000) people in.
The Tower of London
It is the oldest part of London. The Tower of London is
1 of the place to visit. It is a museum now. William the Conqueror built it in the
St Pauls Cathedral
St Pauls Cathedral is the greates English churche. It has got
many towers and columns and 1 of the largest bells in the world.
Trafelgar Square is a beautiful place in London. There is a tall
column in the middle it is a monoment to Admiral Nelson.
The National Gallery is also in Trafelgar Square. It has got wonderful
collections of painyings.