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22.3.04-95

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22.3.04-95

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@ , 1995


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22.3.04-95



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22.3.04-95


______________________________________________________________________

-


Safety in emergencies

Dosimetric control of population

METHOD OF ABSORBED RADIATION DOSES MEASUREMENT

USING ESR-SPECTRA OF TOOTH ENAMEL

_____________________________________________________________________

1996-07-01



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, (

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______________________________________________________________________

1



22.3.04-95


2

:

22.0.02-94 .

8.010-90 -

. -

8.207-76 -

. .

.

2603-79 .

6709-72 .

9147-80 . -

18300-87 . -

19908-90 , , , , ,

.

20282-86 -111

22090-89Š .

23932-90 .

24104-88Š .

25336-82 . -


2



22.3.04-95


3

-

:

() - 22.0.02;

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() -

(1-10 ) () -

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;

g- - -

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- ;

() -

;

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4

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g=2,006-2,003,

.


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22.3.04-95


-,

, -

(f) -

( --

) - -

.

-

-

-

f (.1).

-

-

-

[ ].


5

:

- ( 3 ) ( -

) 10_510_0 ;

- . N

;

- --

Cs-137 Co-60;

- -06

-1-12 ;


4


22.3.04-95


- 22090;

- 24104

-500;

- -20;

- 9147;

- 25336_4;

- 20282;

- 19908;

- 4%- Ҡ ;

- 2603;

- 18300;

- 6709.


6

6.1

6.1.1 , , -

, --

, .

-

( ), -.

6.1.1 ,

. -

. -

, .

.


6


22.3.04-95


6.1.2 -

: , , ,

- -

.

6.1.3 -

.

.

,

.

6.1.4 ,

- ,

~ 0,5 1,0

.

( ) -

(- -

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6.1.5 (-

, )

.

6.1.6 50 100

, .

-

.

6.1.7

20-24 40+/-2 _50_0.


7



22.3.04-95


6.1.8 , ,

,

, -

.

6.1.9 .6.1.7

.

.

.

6.2

6.2.1 -

.

6.2.2 ( -

, _7 n _0 ) ,

. , -

6.2.3 _7n_0 -

3- 4- , -

.

6.2.4

,

2-3%.

6.2.5 ( , -

, )

, :

- -,

, 10.

;


8



22.3.04-95


- 4

;

- -

,

( 10 ).

6.3 ,

, --

-

g- 1,9970

2,0055.


7

- -

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-

.

7.1 - .

7.1.1

-, .

7.1.2 - (.2) -

-.

7.1.3 - -

.


9



22.3.04-95


7.1.4 , , -

-

( 10 -

).

7.1.5

: 5-10

.

-

-

.

7.2

7.2.1 - -

-

1/_52_0,

- Cs-137 Co-60.

7.2.2

-

-. -

, , -

, -

, .

7.2.3 D_4_0,

- -

, (1-3)D_4_0.


11



22.3.04-95


7.2.4

40_50_0 , -

. 7.1.

7.2.5 4, -

- 2.

- 10.

7.2.5 

(.1) -

(f)

(C_4_0) .


8

8.1 _4_0, _5-1_0

Ѡ = _4_0 _5._0 _4_0 _5._0 _4_0/I_4_0 _5._0 I_4_0/(_4_0 _5._0 P_4_0) (1)

-1

_4_0, _4_0, _4_0, I_4_0 - , , , -

, , -

R_41_0R_42_0 , ,

- ;

I_4_0, _4_0, _4_0 - , , , -

, , .

8.1.1 -

( -

) , -

.


12



22.3.04-95


8.2 ֠ (_4j_0)

(j) .

8.3 _4j_0

D_4j_0,

, -

, (_4_0),

D=0.

8.4 (_4j_0,D_4j_0)

_4j_0 = C_4o_0 + fD_4j_0, (2)

(_4o_0,f) -

( ).

8.5 , ,

D_4o_0 = C_4o_0/f (5)

8.6

( ) .


9

9.1

, , -

. -

.

9.2

( 0,95)


13


22.3.04-95


-

:

0,05 - 0.1 100%,

0,1 - 0,2 50%,

0,2 - 0,5 40%,

>0,5 𠠠 30%.


10

10.1 - -

, -

.

10.2 נ ,

.

10.3 -

.

10.4 -

, 2603.

10.5 -

, 9147 19908.

10.6 -

, 22090.

10.7

- -

, -

.

.


14



22.3.04-95


,


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3

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15



22.3.04-95



( ,

- )

1. , ,

2.

3.

4.

5. ()

6.

7. (

) (

/ )

8. (), -

. , -

- ()

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

-------------------------------

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9. ,

10. , , ( ) -

11. ()

12. .. -

" " _ _ _ _ _ 199 . ..


16


22.3.04-95

.

1 .

.

-

:

, .

.

2 -

. , ,

30% NaOH

2-3 .

.

30%

NaOH 10-12 -

~ 0,5 . -

8-10 5

.

10% ( ) 10-20 . -

.

.

-

.


17


22.3.04-95



-


-

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3-4 .

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18


22.3.04-95


t -

: , D> 1 , t=500 ,

D< 1 - t=700 .

3.1

-

.

10-15 . -

.

-' (..1) -

.

. -

-'.

4 -

, -

.

5 -

.

(.2)

, -

.

6 -

g- 2,0025 1,9970 .

7 -

.

7.1 -

O-O' ( _4o_0 . .1);


19


22.3.04-95


_41_0_41_0_41_0' -' -

. _41_0 _41_0' -' -

( ) _41_0 _41_0', -'.

7.2 _7G_0

:

_42_0 _7|\

_7|\ _0x_41_7 _0(_7 G_4 _0 +_7 _0(_7 G?_5 _03_5 _0+_5 _0x_41_0)_52_0)_52

_7G? _03 +_7 \\\\\\\\\\\ _0=_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (.1)

_7|\\ _42_7 _0 _7 |\ _0 _7 |\

(_7G?_4 _03 + x_42_0)_7 G_4 _7 _0+ (_7 G? _03_7 _0+_7 _0(_7G?_5 _03_5 _0- x_42_0)_52_0)_5 2


x_41_0= A_41_0, x_42_0= A_41_0'.

.

7.2.1 _7G_0 -

x_41_0 x_42_0, _41_0_4o_0 .

_41_0_4o_0 .... _7G_0 -

. _7G_0.

7.2.2 _7G_0 (.

.1), -' (

), :

_7|\

= _7?_0 3_4 _5._0 _7G_0 (.2)

7.3 -' ͠

, H

_4o_0, HH_4o_0=_4o._0

7.4 _4o_0 H_41_0 -


20



22.3.04-95


O-O' Π (

H) H_41_0D_41_0 -

_41_0_41_0.

7.5 H_4o_0H_41_0 , H_42_0

0-0' H.

. 7.1. .

7.6 Ho, D_4i_0(i=1-3), P B_41_0'

.

7.7 O-O' R, -

(g=2.0055) (g=2.0025).

.

7.8 R -' -

(.R_41_0)

(. R_42_0).

7.9 R_41_0R_42_0,

.











21


22.3.04-95




(,f) :

_4N_0 _4N_0 _42_0 _4N_0 _4N

_7S_0 C_4j_7 S_0 D_4j_0 -_7 S _0 C_4j_0D_4j_7 S _0 D_4j

_5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1

_4o_0 = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (.1)

_4N_0 _42_0 _4N_0 _42

N _7S_0 D_4j_0 - (_7 S _0 D_4j_0)

_5j=1_0 _5j=1

_4N N N

N _7S_4 _0 D_4j_0C_4j_0 - _7 S _0 D_4j_7 S _0 C_4j

_5j=1_0 _5j=1_0 _5j=1

f = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 , (.2)

_4N_0 _42 _0 _4 N_0 _42

N _7S_0 D_4j_0 - ( _7S_0 D_4j_0)

_5j=1_0 _5j=1


N - .






22


22.3.04-95




( ) , 1.



1

+--------------------------------------------------------------+

|NN 𠠠 | ࠠ | |

| ࠠ | , | |

| | | ,% |

+-------------+---------------------+--------------------------|

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |










23



22.3.04-95




1 -

D_4o_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7`_0 _7 _0 _4 _0 _7/` _52_7 _4 ~_5 2_7 _4 _7 ` _52

_7s _4r,Do _0=_7 ? s _4r,_7 _0+_7 s _4r,_7 _0+_7 s _4d,D_0 (.1)


_7`

_7s _4r,C_0 -

_7 _0;_5~_7s_0 _4r,_0 -

-

f _4o _0;_7 _5~_7s_0 _4d,D_0 -

.

2 _5~_7s_0 _4r,_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ _0 _7 |\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7`_0 _7/ `_0 _42_7 `_0 _42_7 _4 _7 /_4 _0 _42 _0 _42 _0 _42 _0 _42

_7s_0 _4r,_0 = _7?_0 _7s_0 _4r,f _0+_4 _0 _7s_0 _4r,Co_0 = _7?_0 _7s_0 _4f_7/_0 f + _7s_0 _4Co_0 _7/_0 C_4O_0 (.2)


_7s_0 _4f_0 , _7s_0 _4Co_0 - f _4o_0,

.

_42 2

3 _7 s_0 _4f_7 _0_7 s_0 _4Co_0 :



24



22.3.04-95


_4+-_0 - _42 -+

_42_0 _4|_0 D_4 |_0 _4 2

_7s_0 _4Co_0 = _4|_0 1/N +_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 _4| _0 S_4 _0(.3)

_4|_0 _5N_4 - 2 |

_4+-_0 _7S_0 (Dj - D_4 _0)_4 -+

j_5=1


_42_0 +- _5N_4 - 2 _0-+_4-1 2

_7s_0 _4f_7 _0=_7 _0|_7 S_4 _0(_4 _0D_4j_0 - D )_4 _0 | _4 _0 S_4 _0(.4)

_4+-j=1_0 _4 -+


_4-_5 _0 _5 N

D = 1/N_5 ._7 S_4 _0 D_4j_0 (.5)

_4j=1

N - _5 _0_5 _0, S_52_0 _5-

,

, . S_52

:

_5+- _4 _5-+

1_4 _5|_0 _4 _5 N_4 2_5 N N |

S_52_0 =_7 \\\\\\_0 _5|_0 _7 S_4 _0C_4j_7 _0-_7 _0C_4o_7 S _4 _0C_4j_7 _0-_7 _0f_4 _7S_0 _4 _0C_4j_0 D_4j _5| _0(.6)

N - 2_4 _5|_0 _4 j=1 j=1 j=1_5 |

_5+- _4 _5-+

4 100(1-_7g_0 )%

_4o_0

:


25



22.3.04-95


_4o_0 - t_7 _5._7 s_4 Co_7 _0<_7 _0C_4o_7 _0<_7 _0C_4o_7 _0+_7 _0t _5 . _7s_4 Co_7 _4 _7 _0 (.7)

_5N-2;1-g/2_0 _4 _5N-2;1-g/2

f

:

f - t_7 _0 _5._7s_4 f_0 < f < f + t _5._4 _7s_4 f_0 (.8)

_5N-2;1-g/2_0 _4 _5N-2;1-g/2

_7`

5 _7 s_4 r,C_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7` _4 _7/ `_0 _42 _7 _4 _7 _0 _7`_0 _42_7 _4 _7 `_0 _42_7 _4 _7 `_0 _42_7 _5 _7 `_4 _0 _42

_7s_4r,C_7 _0=_7 ? s_0 _4r,Ac_7 _0+ _7s_0 _4r,A_7 _0+_7 s_0 _4r,Pc_7 _0+_7 s_0 _4r,P _0+_4 _02 _4(_7s_4 r,K)_0 (.9)


_7` _0 _7 _0 _7 `

_7s_0 _4r,Ac_7 _0_7 _0 _7s_0 _4r,_0 -

, -

;

_7`_0 _7 `

_7s_0 _4r,Pc _0_7 s_0 _4r,P_0 -

, ;

_7`

_7s_0 _4r,K_0 - .

6 -

-

"n"

"m" ._7 _0 _7s_0 _4r,A_7 _0_7 s_0 _4r,P_0 -

:


26


22.3.04-95


_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7/_0 _5 m _4 _5n _0 _5 _42_5 m n_4 _0 _4 2

_7/ S _4 _7 _4 _7S _0 C_4ij_7 _0-_7 S _0(_7 S_0 C_4ij_0)

_7/_4 i=1 j=1 i=1 j=1

_7/ \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7`_0 _7?_0 _7 _0 m (n-1)

_7s_0 _4r,A_0 _4 P_0 = _7\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 100 %

_5m _4 _5n_0 C_4ij

_7S _4 _7 S _0 _7 \\\\\\_0 (.10)

_4i=1 j=1_0 _5 _0 m n

_7`

7 _7s_4r,k_0 (k_4p_0 /k_4_0 ) 100%, k_4_0-

, k_4_0- , -

.

_7`

8 _7 s_4d,D_0 -

:

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7` / ` _42_7 _4 _7 _0 _7 `_4 2

_7s _4d,D_0 = _7?_0 _7s _41,d_0 _4 _0+_7 s _42,d_0 , (.11)


_7`

_7 s _41,d_0 -

; _5~_7s _42,d_0 - _7 _0

,

, .

_7s_0 _42,d_0 , .


27


22.3.04-95


_7s_0 _41,d_0 :

- m ;

- m d(i) = C_4i_0 - C_4o_0,_4 _0 C_4i -_0 i-

, C_4o_0 -

;

-

_4- _0 _4m

d =_7 S_0 d_4i_0 /m (.12)

_5i=1

d_4i_0 :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7`_0 _7/_0 _4 m - 2

_7s_0 _4d_7 _0=_7 / S_4 _0(d_4i_0 - d )_4 _0/ (m - 1) (.13)

_7?_0 _5i=1

t_4_0 :

_7\ |\\\\

| d |_7 _5._7 ?_0 m

t_4_7 _0=_7 \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\_0 (.14)

_7`

_7s_0 _4d


t_4_0 t_4_0 -

f = m - 1. t_4 _0<

t_4_0, ; -

t_4_0 > t_4_0,

(.11).


28


22.3.04-95


m ,

(m = 15). -

m _4 _0

d(i) = D_41_0(i) - D_42_0(i) , D_41_0(i)_4 _0- _4 _0 ,

, D_42_0(i) -

. -

:

_4- _5 _4 m

d =_5 _0 _7S_0 _4 _0d_4i_0/m (.15)

_5i=1

, -

, :

_7|\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

_7` _0 _7 /_0 _5m_4 - 2

_7s_0 _4d_7 _0=_7 / S_4 _0(d_4i_0 - d) _7/_0 (m - 1) (.16)

_7?_0 _4 i=1


t_4_0 < t_4_0

f = m - 1, -

.

:

_7` _0 _7 _0 _7 `_4 _0 _4-

_7s_0 _4d,D_7 _0=_7 _0(_7 s_0 _4d_7 /_0 d )_5._0100% (.17)


_7`

_7 s_0 _4d,D_0 (.1).


29


22.3.04-95


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.





















30



22.3.04-95


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31



22.3.04-95


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- 2009